Snow Day
Landscape, Winter, Yosemite

Wawona Photography — One hour. One-half acre.

Wawona, California is a small community located entirely within Yosemite National Park’s boundary. Most tourists drive past it without a second glance. They are usually on their way to or from Yosemite Valley, Glacier Point, or the Mariposa Grove. But, Wawona is a very special place, and very near and dear to my heart.

A mountain community

Most of Wawona’s residents are transient guests, occupying one of the many rental homes while on vacation. But about 200 people are permanent residents. Wawona has a hotel and restaurant, two small grocery stores, a post office, gas station, elementary school, library, and even a golf course. The South Fork of the Merced river bisects the town, tumbling over huge granite boulders. The river passes under a suspended, swinging foot bridge, and further downstream it passes beneath the famous Wawona Covered Bridge.

Wawona is heavily forested, mostly with incense cedar and ponderosa pine, but there are also sugar pine, white fir, Douglas fir, black oaks, and cottonwood. Even after a rare Mono wind event toppled hundreds of trees last year, it remains a very wooded area.

Our Arctic Fox is a four-season camper, so we were well equipped to handle the 18° weather — that is, until the generator failed.

Wawona gets some snow throughout the winter, but it usually doesn’t accumulate, and melts quickly. So, when it does snows, it’s really special. I keep a close eye on weather forecasts, hoping for interesting photographic opportunities. A winter Sierra storm was recently forecasted with snow predicted down to 2500 feet. That meant snow for Wawona at 4,000 ft. elevation. Gary and I decided to head up there in our truck camper to photograph and ride out the storm.

We woke to a freezing world covered with snow. We weren’t thrilled about driving the rig in those conditions, so I decided to challenge myself to photograph only within 1/2 acre around where we were camped. I haven’t photographed much in Wawona, but the snow had transformed the place, rendering it wondrous and photogenic. I tromped around the snow-covered, 18-degree landscape, making a few compositions until I was too cold and had to go inside to warm up. Within just a few minutes, the light snow turned heavy, with gigantic snowflakes gently drifting to the ground.

Revisiting the same composition in changing conditions

I gathered my gear and headed back out to the cold, noticing immediately how the landscape had changed. The falling snow added atmosphere and made it easier to isolate elements of the compositions. Everything appeared softer. Colors were substantially diffused. And it was so quiet! I love the way snow muffles sound, and this already-quiet refuge was completely silent.

A few tips to consider when photographing in snow

When I photograph in conditions where there is stuff flying through the air — snow, rain, sand, or seawater — I avoid changing lenses. Most current professional-grade cameras are pretty weather-proof and can handle some moisture. However, when you remove a lens, the sensor is momentarily exposed. Dust and other matter can collect on the sensor. I find it is better to just choose a lens and stick with it for the entire session. For this scene, I decided on my trusty Canon 70-200mm L lens. I used a simple plastic camera cover to protect it, attached it to my tripod, and off I went.

When photographing in snowy conditions, the first thing to think about is shutter speed. Do you want the snowflakes to be blurry or sharp? Experimentation is key, so I went back to the same spots I had visited earlier and played with different shutter speeds as the snow was falling. Also, when photographing snowy scenes, ensure you are not blowing out the highlights. Check your “blinkies” (highlight alert) and the histogram.

A final note of advice: in order to help keep the snow off the front of the lens, be sure to use a lens hood. The lens hood won’t completely prevent snow from getting on your glass, but it helps. Check the front of the lens frequently, and keep a lens cloth handy to wipe it down if it gets wet. In windy, snowy conditions, it can be nearly impossible to keep the front of the lens clear of snow. In that situation, I use an umbrella to shield the lens. If you’re really lucky (like me!), a willing partner can hold the umbrella over your lens while you work!

Click on the photograph to enlarge to full screen.

“A Winter’s Dream” — When I re-emerged from the camper, the heavy snow had transformed my earlier compositions into dreamy, sparkly scenes. This is roughly the same spot as the photograph at this blog’s beginning, but it has a completely different mood. I chose a fast shutter speed to freeze the action of the snowflakes falling.
“Cedars and Ponderosa Pine” — Wawona is dotted with Cedar trees, but also Ponderosa Pine. The pine beetle has decimated a lot of Ponderosa Pine throughout California, so Cedar are quickly taking their place. They are both more drought resistant and pest resistant.
“Two By Two” — As the title implies, this composition uses an even number of objects to create symmetry. For this photograph, I experimented with a longer shutter speed.
“Two Stumps” — The snow quickly accumulated, and within one hour, there was already a good two inches of fresh snow. By the time it stopped snowing, almost six inches had accumulated.
“The Weight of Snow” — Trees are vulnerable in the snow. The heavy weight can break branches, or even bring down an entire tree.
“Inside the Snow Globe” — The snow was coming down in huge flakes, transforming our little world. It felt like I was standing inside a sphere made of glass containing a miniature forest scene with flakes suspended in a clear liquid.

Charlotte Gibb is a contemporary fine art photographer based in the San Francisco Bay Area specializing in landscapes of the Western United States. Her images are often taken in familiar places for the well-versed landscape photographer, but she prides herself on her keen eye toward the subtle and sometimes overlooked beauty of the natural world. Growing up among the beautiful mountains of Northern California, she considers herself a student of life, learning about people, nature, music, and photography along the way. But always, her life-long passion for the wilderness shines through it all. Charlotte earned her Bachelor of Arts degree from the Academy of Art University in San Francisco and has exhibited her work in several solo shows throughout California. Her darkroom, long gone now, has been replaced with digital darkroom tools, and her style has evolved from a somewhat journalistic approach, to one that pays tribute to the natural world. 


  • Valerie Laney

    Charlotte, I love how you take photos of what appears to be an “understated” scene and really bring out the beauty of it’s simplicity. I like the effect of using different shutter speeds as well…all of these are quite magical!
    – Valerie

  • Greg P.


    Lovely images! I made the trip from the Bay Area to Yosemite Valley and I caught some of the snow falling (Tuesday 2/22), and like you say, it totally transforms the environment, and makes old views look new and different. I just wish we had more snowy days in the Sierras…not only for photography, but to replenish the reservoirs as well!

    • charlottegibb

      Thanks, Greg! These photographs were made during that same snowstorm, on Feb. 22. I wish we would get more snow as well. It’s looking like we are in for another rough fire season this summer/fall. Ugh.

  • Cathy Gage

    “Two by Two” In the photography classes I’ve had over the years, one thing I remember is “move the viewers eye through the whole scene.” (I don’t know if that is still taught) This photo does that beautifully from the 2 stumps to the middle 2 to the back 2.

    “The Weight of Snow” What caught my eye in this one is located about the middle of the scene the branches on the front tree is just a little curiousity the shape of an eye…I wanted to look through it but I liked that it was there and kept its secrets.

    “Inside the Snow Globe” is my overall favorite of this snowy session. It is absolutely well named and very “magical”.

    • charlottegibb

      Hi Cathy, yes, it remains a common compositional strategy to move the eye through a piece. Also, even numbers of objects create symmetry and a sense of calm and balance. “The Weight of Snow” also contains a once-majestic black oak that was ravaged by the previous snow storm.

  • Geoff Allen

    These are all lovely! And a great lesson in finding a great location and working it. (And that said location doesn’t need to be one of the marquee locations.)

    • charlottegibb

      I’m glad you like this set, Geoff! When your muse is a place as famous as Yosemite, it is a challenge to create work that hasn’t been done a thousand times before.

  • Xavier Arnau Bofarull

    Very interesting and evocative article! Some times it’s a good idea to visit areas which visitors drive past it without a second glance. And a very good learning of how much important is the work on jaust one-half acre!. Thank you very much, Charlotte.